The Black Cat
|For the most wild, yet most homely narrative which I am about to pen, I neither expect nor solicit belief. Mad indeed would I be to expect it, in a case where my very senses reject their own evidence. Yet, mad am I not --and very surely do I not dream. But tomorrow I die, and to-day I would unburthen my soul. My immediate purpose is to place before the world, plainly, succinctly, and without comment, a series of mere household events. In their consequences, these events have terrified --have tortured --have destroyed me. Yet I will not attempt to expound them. To me, they have presented little but Horror --to many they will seem less terrible than baroques. Hereafter, perhaps, some intellect may be found which will reduce my phantasm to the common-place --some intellect more calm, more logical, and far less excitable than my own, which will perceive, in the circumstances I detail with awe, nothing more than an ordinary succession of very natural causes and effects.|
|From my infancy I was noted for the docility and humanity of my disposition. My tenderness of heart was even so conspicuous as to make me the jest of my companions. I was especially fond of animals, and was indulged by my parents with a great variety of pets. With these I spent most of my time, and never was so happy as when feeding and caressing them. This peculiar of character grew with my growth, and in my manhood, I derived from it one of my principal sources of pleasure. To those who have cherished an affection for a faithful and sagacious dog, I need hardly be at the trouble of explaining the nature or the intensity of the gratification thus derivable. There is something in the unselfish and self-sacrificing love of a brute, which goes directly to the heart of him who has had frequent occasion to test the paltry friendship and gossamer fidelity of mere Man.|
|I married early, and was happy to find in my wife a disposition not uncongenial with my own. Observing my partiality for domestic pets, she lost no opportunity of procuring those of the most agreeable kind. We had birds, gold fish, a fine dog, rabbits, a small monkey, and a cat. This latter was a remarkably large and beautiful animal, entirely black, and sagacious to an astonishing degree. In speaking of his intelligence, my wife, who at heart was not a little tinctured with superstition, made frequent allusion to the ancient popular notion, which regarded all black cats as witches in disguise. Not that she was ever serious upon this point --and I mention the matter at all for no better reason than that it happens, just now, to be remembered. Pluto --this was the cat's name --was my favorite pet and playmate. I alone fed him, and he attended me wherever I went about the house. It was even with difficulty that I could prevent him from following me through the streets.|
|Our friendship lasted, in this manner, for several years, during which my general temperament and character --through the instrumentality of the Fiend Intemperance --had (I blush to confess it) experienced a radical alteration for the worse. I grew, day by day, more moody, more irritable, more regardless of the feelings of others. I suffered myself to use intemperate language to my wife. At length, I even offered her personal violence. My pets, of course, were made to feel the change in my disposition. I not only neglected, but ill-used them. For Pluto, however, I still retained sufficient regard to restrain me from maltreating him, as I made no scruple of maltreating the rabbits, the monkey, or even the dog, when by accident, or through affection, they came in my way. But my disease grew upon me --for what disease is like Alcohol! --and at length even Pluto, who was now becoming old, and consequently somewhat peevish --even Pluto began to experience the effects of my ill temper. One night, returning home, much intoxicated, from one of my haunts about town, I fancied that the cat avoided my presence. I seized him; when, in his fright at my violence, he inflicted a slight wound upon my hand with his teeth. The fury of a demon instantly possessed me. I knew myself no longer. My original soul seemed, at once, to take its flight from my body; and a more than fiendish malevolence, gin-nurtured, thrilled every fibre of my frame. I took from my waistcoat-pocket a pen-knife, opened it, grasped the poor beast by the throat, and deliberately cut one of its eyes from the socket! I blush, I burn, I shudder, while I pen the damnable atrocity.|
| When reason returned with the morning
--when I had slept off the fumes of the night's debauch
--I experienced a sentiment half of horror, half of
remorse, for the crime of which I had been guilty; but it
was, at best, a feeble and equivocal feeling, and the
soul remained untouched. I again plunged into excess, and
soon drowned in wine all memory of the deed.
In the meantime the cat slowly recovered. The socket of the lost eye presented, it is true, a frightful appearance, but he no longer appeared to suffer any pain. He went about the house as usual, but, as might be expected, fled in extreme terror at my approach. I had so much of my old heart left, as to be at first grieved by this evident dislike on the part of a creature which had once so loved me. But this feeling soon gave place to irritation. And then came, as if to my final and irrevocable overthrow, the spirit of PERVERSENESS. Of this spirit philosophy takes no account. Yet I am not more sure that my soul lives, than I am that perverseness is one of the primitive impulses of the human heart --one of the indivisible primary faculties, or sentiments, which give direction to the character of Man. Who has not, a hundred times, found himself committing a vile or a silly action, for no other reason than because he knows he should not? Have we not a perpetual inclination, in the teeth of our best judgment, to violate that which is Law, merely because we understand it to be such? This spirit of perverseness, I say, came to my final overthrow. It was this unfathomable longing of the soul to vex itself --to offer violence to its own nature --to do wrong for the wrong's sake only --that urged me to continue and finally to consummate the injury I had inflicted upon the unoffending brute. One morning, in cool blood, I slipped a noose about its neck and hung it to the limb of a tree; --hung it with the tears streaming from my eyes, and with the bitterest remorse at my heart; --hung it because I knew that it had loved me, and because I felt it had given me no reason of offence; --hung it because I knew that in so doing I was committing a sin --a deadly sin that would so jeopardize my immortal soul as to place it --if such a thing were possible --even beyond the reach of the infinite mercy of the Most Merciful and Most Terrible God.
| On the night of the day on which this cruel
deed was done, I was aroused from sleep by the cry of
fire. The curtains of my bed were in flames. The whole
house was blazing. It was with great difficulty that my
wife, a servant, and myself, made our escape from the
conflagration. The destruction was complete. My entire
worldly wealth was swallowed up, and I resigned myself
thenceforward to despair.
I am above the weakness of seeking to establish a sequence of cause and effect, between the disaster and the atrocity. But I am detailing a chain of facts --and wish not to leave even a possible link imperfect. On the day succeeding the fire, I visited the ruins. The walls, with one exception, had fallen in. This exception was found in a compartment wall, not very thick, which stood about the middle of the house, and against which had rested the head of my bed. The plastering had here, in great measure, resisted the action of the fire --a fact which I attributed to its having been recently spread. About this wall a dense crowd were collected, and many persons seemed to be examining a particular portion of it with every minute and eager attention. The words "strange!" "singular!" and other similar expressions, excited my curiosity. I approached and saw, as if graven in bas relief upon the white surface, the figure of a gigantic cat. The impression was given with an accuracy truly marvellous. There was a rope about the animal's neck.
| When I first beheld this apparition --for I
could scarcely regard it as less --my wonder and my
terror were extreme. But at length reflection came to my
aid. The cat, I remembered, had been hung in a garden
adjacent to the house. Upon the alarm of fire, this
garden had been immediately filled by the crowd --by some
one of whom the animal must have been cut from the tree
and thrown, through an open window, into my chamber. This
had probably been done with the view of arousing me from
sleep. The falling of other walls had compressed the
victim of my cruelty into the substance of the
freshly-spread plaster; the lime of which, had then with
the flames, and the ammonia from the carcass,
accomplished the portraiture as I saw it.
Although I thus readily accounted to my reason, if not altogether to my conscience, for the startling fact 'just detailed, it did not the less fall to make a deep impression upon my fancy. For months I could not rid myself of the phantasm of the cat; and, during this period, there came back into my spirit a half-sentiment that seemed, but was not, remorse. I went so far as to regret the loss of the animal, and to look about me, among the vile haunts which I now habitually frequented, for another pet of the same species, and of somewhat similar appearance, with which to supply its place.
| One night as I sat, half stupefied, in a
den of more than infamy, my attention was suddenly drawn
to some black object, reposing upon the head of one of
the immense hogsheads of Gin, or of Rum, which
constituted the chief furniture of the apartment. I had
been looking steadily at the top of this hogshead for
some minutes, and what now caused me surprise was the
fact that I had not sooner perceived the object
thereupon. I approached it, and touched it with my hand.
It was a black cat --a very large one --fully as large as
Pluto, and closely resembling him in every respect but
one. Pluto had not a white hair upon any portion of his
body; but this cat had a large, although indefinite
splotch of white, covering nearly the whole region of the
Upon my touching him, he immediately arose, purred loudly, rubbed against my hand, and appeared delighted with my notice. This, then, was the very creature of which I was in search. I at once offered to purchase it of the landlord; but this person made no claim to it --knew nothing of it --had never seen it before.
| I continued my caresses, and, when
I prepared to go home, the animal evinced a disposition
to accompany me. I permitted it to do so; occasionally
stooping and patting it as I proceeded. When it reached
the house it domesticated itself at once, and became
immediately a great favorite with my wife.
For my own part, I soon found a dislike to it arising within me. This was just the reverse of what I had anticipated; but I know not how or why it was --its evident fondness for myself rather disgusted and annoyed. By slow degrees, these feelings of disgust and annoyance rose into the bitterness of hatred. I avoided the creature; a certain sense of shame, and the remembrance of my former deed of cruelty, preventing me from physically abusing it. I did not, for some weeks, strike, or otherwise violently ill use it; but gradually --very gradually --I came to look upon it with unutterable loathing, and to flee silently from its odious presence, as from the breath of a pestilence.
| What added, no doubt, to my hatred of the
beast, was the discovery, on the morning after I brought
it home, that, like Pluto, it also had been deprived of
one of its eyes. This circumstance, however, only
endeared it to my wife, who, as I have already said,
possessed, in a high degree, that humanity of feeling
which had once been my distinguishing trait, and the
source of many of my simplest and purest pleasures.
With my aversion to this cat, however, its partiality for myself seemed to increase. It followed my footsteps with a pertinacity which it would be difficult to make the reader comprehend. Whenever I sat, it would crouch beneath my chair, or spring upon my knees, covering me with its loathsome caresses. If I arose to walk it would get between my feet and thus nearly throw me down, or, fastening its long and sharp claws in my dress, clamber, in this manner, to my breast. At such times, although I longed to destroy it with a blow, I was yet withheld from so doing, partly it at by a memory of my former crime, but chiefly --let me confess it at once --by absolute dread of the beast.
|This dread was not exactly a dread of physical evil-and yet I should be at a loss how otherwise to define it. I am almost ashamed to own --yes, even in this felon's cell, I am almost ashamed to own --that the terror and horror with which the animal inspired me, had been heightened by one of the merest chimaeras it would be possible to conceive. My wife had called my attention, more than once, to the character of the mark of white hair, of which I have spoken, and which constituted the sole visible difference between the strange beast and the one I had y si destroyed. The reader will remember that this mark, although large, had been originally very indefinite; but, by slow degrees --degrees nearly imperceptible, and which for a long time my Reason struggled to reject as fanciful --it had, at length, assumed a rigorous distinctness of outline. It was now the representation of an object that I shudder to name --and for this, above all, I loathed, and dreaded, and would have rid myself of the monster had I dared --it was now, I say, the image of a hideous --of a ghastly thing --of the GALLOWS! --oh, mournful and terrible engine of Horror and of Crime --of Agony and of Death!|
| And now was I indeed wretched beyond the
wretchedness of mere Humanity. And a brute beast --whose
fellow I had contemptuously destroyed --a brute beast to
work out for me --for me a man, fashioned in the image of
the High God --so much of insufferable wo! Alas! neither
by day nor by night knew I the blessing of Rest any more!
During the former the creature left me no moment alone;
and, in the latter, I started, hourly, from dreams of
unutterable fear, to find the hot breath of the thing
upon my face, and its vast weight --an incarnate
Night-Mare that I had no power to shake off --incumbent
eternally upon my heart!
Beneath the pressure of torments such as these, the feeble remnant of the good within me succumbed. Evil thoughts became my sole intimates --the darkest and most evil of thoughts. The moodiness of my usual temper increased to hatred of all things and of all mankind; while, from the sudden, frequent, and ungovernable outbursts of a fury to which I now blindly abandoned myself, my uncomplaining wife, alas! was the most usual and the most patient of sufferers.
| One day she accompanied me, upon
some household errand, into the cellar of the old
building which our poverty compelled us to inhabit. The
cat followed me down the steep stairs, and, nearly
throwing me headlong, exasperated me to madness.
Uplifting an axe, and forgetting, in my wrath, the
childish dread which had hitherto stayed my hand, I aimed
a blow at the animal which, of course, would have proved
instantly fatal had it descended as I wished. But this
blow was arrested by the hand of my wife. Goaded, by the
interference, into a rage more than demoniacal, I
withdrew my arm from her grasp and buried the axe in her
brain. She fell dead upon the spot, without a groan.
This hideous murder accomplished, I set myself forthwith, and with entire deliberation, to the task of concealing the body. I knew that I could not remove it from the house, either by day or by night, without the risk of being observed by the neighbors. Many projects entered my mind. At one period I thought of cutting the corpse into minute fragments, and destroying them by fire. At another, I resolved to dig a grave for it in the floor of the cellar. Again, I deliberated about casting it in the well in the yard --about packing it in a box, as if merchandize, with the usual arrangements, and so getting a porter to take it from the house. Finally I hit upon what I considered a far better expedient than either of these. I determined to wall it up in the cellar --as the monks of the middle ages are recorded to have walled up their victims.
| For a purpose such as this the cellar was
well adapted. Its walls were loosely constructed, and had
lately been plastered throughout with a rough plaster,
which the dampness of the atmosphere had prevented from
hardening. Moreover, in one of the walls was a
projection, caused by a false chimney, or fireplace, that
had been filled up, and made to resemble the rest of the
cellar. I made no doubt that I could readily displace the
at this point, insert the corpse, and wall the whole up
as before, so that no eye could detect anything
And in this calculation I was not deceived. By means of a crow-bar I easily dislodged the bricks, and, having carefully deposited the body against the inner wall, I propped it in that position, while, with little trouble, I re-laid the whole structure as it originally stood. Having procured mortar, sand, and hair, with every possible precaution, I prepared a plaster could not every poss be distinguished from the old, and with this I very carefully went over the new brick-work. When I had finished, I felt satisfied that all was right. The wall did not present the slightest appearance of having been disturbed. The rubbish on the floor was picked up with the minutest care. I looked around triumphantly, and said to myself --"Here at least, then, my labor has not been in vain."
| My next step was to look for the beast
which had been the cause of so much wretchedness; for I
had, at length, firmly resolved to put it to death. Had I
been able to meet with it, at the moment, there could
have been no doubt of its fate; but it appeared that the
crafty animal had been alarmed at the violence of my
previous anger, and forebore to present itself in my
present mood. It is impossible to describe, or to
imagine, the deep, the blissful sense of relief which the
absence of the detested creature occasioned in my bosom.
It did not make its appearance during the night --and
thus for one night at least, since its introduction into
the house, I soundly and tranquilly slept; aye, slept
even with the burden of murder upon my soul!
The second and the third day passed, and still my tormentor came not. Once again I breathed as a free-man. The monster, in terror, had fled the premises forever! I should behold it no more! My happiness was supreme! The guilt of my dark deed disturbed me but little. Some few inquiries had been made, but these had been readily answered. Even a search had been instituted --but of course nothing was to be discovered. I looked upon my future felicity as secured.
| Upon the fourth day of the assassination, a
party of the police came, very unexpectedly, into the
house, and proceeded again to make rigorous investigation
of the premises. Secure, however, in the inscrutability
of my place of concealment, I felt no embarrassment
whatever. The officers bade me accompany them in their
search. They left no nook or corner unexplored. At
length, for the third or fourth time, they descended into
the cellar. I quivered not in a muscle. My heart beat
calmly as that of one who slumbers in innocence. I walked
the cellar from end to end. I folded my arms upon my
bosom, and roamed easily to and fro. The police were
thoroughly satisfied and prepared to depart. The glee at
my heart was too strong to be restrained. I burned to say
if but one word, by way of triumph, and to render doubly
sure their assurance of my guiltlessness.
"Gentlemen," I said at last, as the party ascended the steps, "I delight to have allayed your suspicions. I wish you all health, and a little more courtesy. By the bye, gentlemen, this --this is a very well constructed house." (In the rabid desire to say something easily, I scarcely knew what I uttered at all.) --"I may say an excellently well constructed house. These walls --are you going, gentlemen? --these walls are solidly put together"; and here, through the mere phrenzy of bravado, I rapped heavily, with a cane which I held in my hand, upon that very portion of the brick-work behind which stood the corpse of the wife of my bosom.
| But may God shield and deliver me from the
fangs of the Arch-Fiend! No sooner had the reverberation
of my blows sunk into silence than I was answered by a
voice from within the tomb! --by a cry, at first muffled
and broken, like the sobbing of a child, and then quickly
swelling into one long, loud, and continuous scream,
utterly anomalous and inhuman --a howl --a wailing
shriek, half of horror and half of triumph, such as might
have arisen only out of hell, conjointly from the throats
of the damned in their agony and of the demons that exult
in the damnation.
Of my own thoughts it is folly to speak.
Swooning, I staggered to the opposite wall. For one
instant the party upon the stairs remained motionless,
through extremity of terror and of awe. In the next, a
dozen stout arms were tolling at the wall. It fell
bodily. The corpse, already greatly decayed and clotted
with gore, stood erect before the eyes of the spectators.
Upon its head, with red extended mouth and solitary eye
of fire, sat the hideous beast whose craft had seduced me
into murder, and whose informing voice had consigned me
to the hangman. I had walled the monster up within the
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